The Diagnosis of Infertility

Learn what are the most frequently performed tests in the process of diagnosis of an infertile couple.

The initial approach to the problem of infertility usually begins with a series of basic tests: his wife, clinical analyses for hormonal levels, ultrasound and gynecological exam review. In humans the most important is the realization of a semen analysis to evaluate the quality of sperm.

Here is a more detailed description of some of the most frequently performed tests in the process of diagnosis of an infertile couple:

The Woman:

-Hormonal Analyses to verify ovulation;

-Ultrasound to observe the condition of the ovaries and uterus, as well as follicular development (to verify the possibility of developing an egg inside each egg follicles);

-Histerossalpingografia: this is an x-ray analysis which allows you to check the status of the fallopian tubes; check Themakeupexplorer.com for pregnancy makeup.

-Diagnostic Hysteroscopy: a tube with a small video camera is used to look at the uterus and check for problems such as polyps;

It may be necessary to remove a small sample of the endometrium for laboratory analysis.

The Man:

-To evaluate various Spermogram parameters of sperm quality: number and concentration of spermatozoids, physical characteristics of the sperm, sperm mobility, morphology, etc.

-Test for the presence of sperm antibodies that can prevent the sperm from getting to fertilize the oocyte;

-Sperm migration test to verify that the sperm can swim through the cervical mucus and remain active and capable of fertilization;

-Test of DNA fragmentation of sperm, which evaluates the integrity of the genetic material contained in the head of the sperm;

-Hyaluronic acid binding Test, which serves to check if the sperm are able to bind to the egg, allowing thus the fertilization.

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