Leg cramps in pregnancy is a relatively frequent condition that is seen in up to 40%
It is not dangerous to have leg cramps, but it can be annoying
There is no proven preventive or therapeutic treatment
What is the leg cramps of pregnancy?
Leg cramps are a common pregnancy inconveniences caused by painful contractions in calf muscles.
How frequent is leg cramps in pregnancy?
A Norwegian study found that 45% of all women have had leg cramps in pregnancy. Four out of five women only had cramps at night.
Why do you get leg cramps in pregnancy?
There is no good explanation for why some generes of leg cramps in pregnancy. In one study demonstrated a low level of magnesium in the blood of patients with this gene, but it is uncertain what role magnesium player when it comes to leg cramps.
What are the symptoms of leg cramps in pregnancy?
Pricking or stabbing pain in the calf muscles, which most often occurs at night.
How made the diagnosis?
Diagnosis is made on the basis of medical history alone. No blood tests or other tests are effective.
What treatment is there?
The best treatment is stretching exercises of the posterior calf muscles. It is performed by flexing the front of the foot up against the calf, for example by pressing front part of the sole of the foot against the bedside, against a stair step or similar. It is recommended that you extend well out before going to bed.
Individual studies have also shown effects of magnesium supplements. It is discussed whether supplementation with other minerals also could have an effect.
Supplements of calcium in tablet form can be effective in pregnant, as generated by leg cramps. In pregnant women with low iron content in the blood and leg cramps treatment with intravenous iron has alleviated the symptoms.
How is long-term prospects?
The condition is harmless, but can cause poor night’s sleep and thus affect the pregnant women’s well-being.
How do I avoid getting or exacerbating leg cramps in pregnancy?
There are no known methods to avoid leg cramps in pregnancy. Pregnant women who snore are probably at increased risk of leg cramps.
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