When the preeclampsia is not diagnosed in time may progress to HELLP syndrome.
Pregnancy is a natural physiological phenomenon to the woman, however, during this period you may experience some problems that put at risk to maternal health. One of these complications is the Pre-Eclampsia, which if not diagnosed in time may progress to HELLP syndrome.
The preeclampsia is a disease that occurs in early pregnancy and is characterized by an increase in blood pressure, called hypertension again, for the release of protein in the urine and by the appearance of edema. Are various maternal complications that can arise from the Pre-Eclampsia, as permanent neurological damage, kidney disease, increased risk of hypertension after pregnancy and premature separation of placenta. The prevalence in Portugal your reaches 2%.
HELLP syndrome is a life-threatening obstetric complication and HELLP is an acronym of the three main components of the syndrome: Hemolysis (destruction of red blood cells in the body), elevated liver Enzymes (Elevated Liver Enzymes) and Low Platelets (Low Platelets).
HELLP syndrome can be diagnosed by a worsening of the clinical picture of patients with preeclampsia, which usually have symptoms like abdominal pain and/or convulsions. Some pregnant women have a higher propensity to Pre-Eclampsia, with more frequent situations in first pregnancies, in women who already have high blood pressure. After the birth of the baby to the mother’s blood pressure should be monitored in the first 48 hours after birth, and should also be monitored by the physician’s Assistant for some time, depending on the clinical situation.
The treatment for HELLP syndrome goes through completion of delivery as soon as possible. The doctor may induce labor with specific agents or schedule an early cesarean section or choose to put pregnant women on bed rest, ingesting fluids and monitoring the evolution of pregnancy, giving the fetus time to develop. The doctor can still administer medicines to control or prevent complications such as high blood pressure or seizures.
There is no way of preventing the HELLP syndrome. However, early diagnosis increases the probability of survival of the mother and the fetus.
In this way, it becomes important that pregnant women should inform the doctor about any symptoms, seizure or abdominal pain.
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